Epilepsy, a chronic disorder, is a central nervous system disorder in which seizures occur frequently. In epilepsy, brain activity becomes abnormal leading to recurrent seizures, unusual behavior, loss of awareness, and sensations. Epilepsy can happen to anyone irrespective of gender, race, and age.
The major symptom of Epilepsy is seizures. There are mainly two types of seizures: focal seizure and generalized seizure. The other symptoms include the sudden fall of a person with no reason, unresponsiveness, and convulsion with no temperature, inappropriate repetitive movements, blackout, and confused memory. Epilepsy caused by the effect of genes or the surrounding environment. Acquired epilepsy causes include stroke, tumors, brain trauma, and infection in the brain. The genetic cause of epilepsy is more common among young people and in older people, brain tumors and stroke are more common. The exact cause of Epilepsy in most of the cases is unknown.
Epilepsy can be observed by electroencephalogram, computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and neuroimaging. These techniques can give a better picture to understand the abnormalities of the brain during a seizure, and to look at the minute changes in the structure of the brain.
There is no proven cure of epilepsy, being alert and proper care the consequences of epilepsy and seizures can be averted. Some antiepileptic drugs are in the market to keep seizures in check. We can reduce the chance of seizures by a healthy daily routine.
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