Speech Disorders

Speech is the process of producing specific sounds that convey meaning to the listener. A speech disorder refers to the conditions in which an individual has problems in creating or forming the speech sounds needed to communicate with others. The act of speaking requires the specific coordination of multiple body parts, including the brain, neck, chest, and abdomen.

Speech disorders can affects both adults and children. Many children will experience a temporary delay in speech and language development. Most will eventually catch up. Others will continue to have difficulty with communication development. 

Causes of speech disorders include:

  • Brain damage due to a stroke or head injury
  • Muscle weakness
  • Damaged vocal cords
  • A degenerative diseases
  • Dementia
  • Cancer that affects the mouth or throat
  • Autism
  • Down syndrome
  • Hearing loss


  • Childhood apraxia of speech
  • Orofacial myofunctional disorders
  • Articulation disorders
  • Receptive disorders
  • Autism-related speech disorders
  • Resonance disorders
  • Selective mutism
  • Dysarthria
  • Diagnosis and Speech Therapy

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