The group of condition which changes or alters or hinders the normal pattern of sleep comes under Sleep disorders. This disorder can affect our overall health and make us prone to stress and anxiety. There are various causes for sleep disorders like medical conditions (heart disease, lung disease, and nerve disorder), mental disorder, genetics, not enough sleep, stress, anxiety, irregular sleep, medicines, and aging. Sometimes the reason for a sleep disorder is unknown as these disorders are very complex.
Depression, lack of concentration, fatigue in the daytime, difficulty in sleeping, and anxiety are the symptoms of sleep disorders. Some types of sleep disorders are insomnia, parasomnias, sleep apnea, and narcolepsy. For the diagnosis of sleep disorders, the doctor goes through the patient's medical history and some tests. These tests include genetic blood testing, electroencephalogram, polysomnography, breathing rate, and eye movements. Sleep disorders can be treated by good sleeping habits, medical treatments, by changing lifestyle, and relaxation techniques.
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