Neuropathy, this term indicates damage or dysfunction of one or more nerves that typically results in numbness, tingling, muscle weakness and pain in the affected area. Neuropathy is mostly called as peripheral neuropathy. Peripheral nervous system is the network of nerves outside the brain and spinal cord. Neuropathy results when nerve cells, called neurons, are damaged or destroyed, as it disrupts the way the neurons communicate with each other and with the brain. Neuropathy can either affect one nerve (mononeuropathy) or nerve type, a combination of nerves in a limited area (multifocal neuropathy) or many peripheral nerves throughout the body (polyneuropathy).The peripheral nervous system is made up of three types of nerves, sensory nerves carry messages from the five senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch) through the spinal cord to the brain. On the other hand motor nerves travel in the opposite direction of sensory nerves. They carry messages from brain to muscles. Motor nerves are responsible for movement coordination. Autonomic nerves are responsible for body functions by direct control, such as breathing, digestion, heart rate, blood pressure, sweating, bladder control and sexual arousal.
Health conditions that can cause peripheral neuropathy include
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